Liar, Mischief Maker, Confined in Mischief, Foolish and Ignorant- who is the possessor of these traits

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful The Bestower of Mercy

 

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said:

So when he is at this level whilst being unaware of his state of affairs,

then this is the most wretched state of affairs of humans.


Allaah (The Most High) said:

”And when it is said to them: “Make not mischief on the earth,” they say: “We are only peacemakers. Verily! They are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not. And when it is said to them (hypocrites): “Believe as the people (followers of Muhammad Peace be upon him , Al-Ansar and Al-Muhajirun) have believed,” they say: “Shall we believe as the fools have believed?” Verily, they are the fools, but they know not.’’ [2:11-12]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said:

This debate took place between the believers and the hypocrites. The believers said to them: ‘’Make not mischief on the earth;’’ The hypocrites replied to them: ‘’We are only peacemakers.’’  So it seemed as if the debate between the two partners was discontinued, and that the hypocrites counteracted the claims of the people of Imaan against them that they are mischief makers, and that peace making is what should be attributed to them and not mischief making.  So He (Allaah) The All-Mighty, The All-Wise passed a judgement between the two parties by stating four statements of proof against the hypocrites.

Firstly: They are liars.   Secondly: They are mischief makers.  Thirdly: They are confined to mischief making, and He (The Most High) said: ‘’Verily! They are the ones who make mischief.’’    Fourthly:  He described them to be upon extreme ignorance and that they definitely do not possess perception due to the fact that they are mischief makers.

So ponder upon the manner in which perception was negated from them in this ayah, and then He (The Most High) negated knowledge from them when He stated that they said: ‘’Shall we believe as the fools have believed;’’ so He (The Most High) said: ‘’verily, they are the fools, but they know not.’’

He (The Most High) negated knowledge from them due to their foolishness and lack of perception.  This is the most extreme case of dispraise and being declared ignorant, in that a man is a mischief maker and is absolutely unaware of his mischief making alongside the fact that the effects of his mischief making is well known and seen by the slaves of Allaah, whilst he is unaware of it. This shows the severity of the corruption of his intellect and sources of knowledge.

Likewise he is a foolish one, and foolishness is the height of ignorance.  It precedes from a lack of knowledge of what benefits him in his worldly life, his afterlife, his purpose and that which is opposite to it. So when he (finds) himself at this level whilst being unaware of his state of affairs, then this is the most wretched state of affairs of humans. 

So knowledge has been negated from him due to his foolishness, which of a surety is an affirmation of his ignorance. Perception has been negated from him due to the mischief making that occurs from him, which of a surety is due to a corruption in his mental faculties. Therefore, these two verses are statements of absolute certainty against them about their ignorance and corrupted mental faculties, because they believe that mischief making is peace making and that evil is goodness.


[Source:Badaai-ul Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawzee: page: 97, Vol:1]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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