[Part 3] Tips for Patience on the Oppression of Others Upon You – Ibn Taymiyyah
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
“From the greatest of the benefits is that the servant recognises that recompense is from the nature of the act, and so [he realises] that he himself is an oppressor and sinner, and the one who pardons and overlooks the people then Allah overlooks his [shortcomings], and whoever forgives the people then Allah forgives him. So if the servant recognises that his overlooking, pardoning and goodness to the people despite their evil and oppression toward him is a cause for Allah to reward him with affairs from that same nature i.e. Allah overlooks and pardons him [on his shortcomings and sinning]…and knowing this would be sufficient for any individual with intellect [to then behave accordingly and correctly in times of others oppressing him].
Similarly, if the servant recognises that busying himself with revenge and confrontation will cause his time to be wasted, and cause his heart to be splintered [over the affair], and he will end up relinquishing affairs of benefit [due to his heart being preoccupied by revenge] to levels that cannot be enumerated, and this consequently may become a greater calamity upon him than the actual oppression that was committed against him initially. So if he pardons and [leaves that affair] it will provide for him the opportunity to strive after that which is of benefit for his heart and body, which is of greater importance than revenge.
Similarly the servant realises that Allah is with him if he is patient, and Allah loves him if he is patient, and similarly he gains Allah’s pleasure…and if Allah is with a slave then He will remove and prevent all types of harms from him that no-one else from creation could ever prevent and remove. Allah stated in Surat ul-Anfal:46, “and be patient. Surely, Allah is with those who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.)”
The servant also recognises if he desires to seek revenge and victory for himself that the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم never took revenge for himself; and if the best and most honourable of creation did not seek revenge for himself, despite the fact that wrong-doing toward him is wrong-doing toward Allah, and to him are connected the rights of the Religion, and his self is the most pious, pure and honourable, and the furthest from any dispraiseworthy charecteristics and the most rightful to every beautiful charecteristic…despite all that he صلى الله عليه و سلم never used to take revenge from himself….so how can one of us seek revenge knowing the evil and deficiencies we have within ourselves, rather the astutue individual recognises his soul is not of any worth [comparable to what has been mentioned of the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم] and his soul does not have worth to deserve revenge[!].
[Part 4 to follow insha’Allah]