[2] Supplications: When a supplication combines these three affairs it is most perfect

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said: Supplication are of three types.


The first type: Is that you ask Allaah through His Names and Attributes, and this is one of the explanations of the Ayah:

   وَلِلَّهِ ٱلۡأَسۡمَآءُ ٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰ فَٱدۡعُوهُ بِہَا‌ۖ

”And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah , so call on Him by them.” [Al-A’raaf: Ayah 180]


The second type: Is that you ask Allaah due to your need and poverty, so you say: ”I am a Faqeer slave (i.e. a poor slave who does not even have enough to meet his basic needs; I am a miskeen (i.e. one who does not have enough to fulfill some of his needs); I am an insignificant one; I am a seeker of help and so on.


The Third type: Is that you ask Allaah for your need without using one of the two types (i.e. without using the wording in the first and second types of supplication; rather you only say for example: O Allaah give me such and such etc).


The first type is more perfect than the second and the second is more perfect than the third.  And if a supplication combines all three types, then it is most perfect.


[source:جلاء الافهام page 155 ]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf