[Part A: Observations on Dr Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhayli’s Deficient and Defective Advice To Ahlus Sunnah- Dr Shaikh Abdullah Al-Bukhaari Lays The First Foundation, Goal, Aim and Intent Behind Boycotting]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Reader: Take note that Dr Shaikh Rabee’s responses to Dr Ibraaheem will carry on from Parts 9, 10 etc and Dr Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari’s Radd will begin with Parts A, B, C etc

To proceed:

Dr Ibraaheem stated that boycotting is legislated for the purpose of achieving three Maqaasid (goals or aims). Then he stated that these three Maqaasid are based on evidence and have been confirmed by the A’immah Al-Muhaqqiqoon of Ahlus (A) [i.e. those Imaams of the religion who are well known for their abilities in carrying out research in the issues of the religion with precision, assertiveness, thorough examination etc]

The Three Goals or Aims behind Boycotting According To Dr Ibraaheem    

[1] The first (goal or aim) according to Dr Ibraaheem is that a person boycotts everyone who is harmful to him from the Mukhaalifeen, such as Ahlul Bidah Wal-Ma’aasee (the people of bidah and sin) – those who are harmful to a person in the affairs of his religion if he sits with them.

[2] The second goal (or aim) behind boycotting is to benefit the Ummah. So by boycotting an individual, the benefit of that will also be received by the Ummah, such as boycotting some of those who have Mukhaalafaat (i.e. those upon affairs that are in opposition to the Sharee’ah), so that by boycotting them, others will take heed and not fall into their errors.  On this point, Dr Ibraaheem quoted the Hadeeth narrated by Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) abstained from praying the Janaanah Salaah of a man who died without paying his debts. Then Dr Ibraaheem quoted a statement of Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah in this regard.

[3] The third goal (or aim) behind boycotting is to bring about benefit for the one who is boycotted (i.e. the one upon an error that is in opposition to the sharee’ah). So boycotting is legislated against those people of bidah with Mukhaalafaat (errors that are in opposition to the Sharee’ah) and the sinful people, if there is a benefit for them in that boycotting, in order that they may recant from those errors and repent. Then Dr Ibraaheem utilised as evidence that the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) boycotted Ka’ab Ibn Maalik and his two other companions until they repented.

In the above section, Dr Ibraaheem did not present the great goals or aims behind boycotting, rather his statement: ‘’Boycotting is legislated for the (purpose of achieving) three goals or aims’’ is understood to be that those are the only goals or aims behind boycotting, but the affair is not what Dr Ibraaheem has stated. The goals, aims or intent behind Hajr (boycotting) in the Islamic Legislation are also due to affairs as follows:

Firstly: To actualize servitude to Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic)

Boycotting is an act of worship and a Right of Allaah (i.e. legislated by Allaah and to be carried out for the sake of Allaah). Its fulfilment is a fulfilment of a legislated affair, so the conditions to be fulfilled in other acts of worship is also required in boycotting- that is, it should be carried out purely for the sake of Allaah and in accordance with the (Sunnah) of the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam). What indicates to this goal (aim or intent) is the statement of Allaah (The Most High):

وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ يَخُوضُونَ فِي آيَاتِنَا فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ ۚ وَإِمَّا يُنسِيَنَّكَ الشَّيْطَانُ فَلَا تَقْعُدْ بَعْدَ الذِّكْرَىٰ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ

And when you (Muhammad) see those who engage in a false conversation about Our Verses (of the Qur’an) by mocking at them, stay away from them till they turn to another topic. And if Shaitan (Satan) causes you to forget, then after the remembrance sit not you in the company of those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) [An-aam, Ayah 68]

Imaam At-Tabariy (rahimahullaah) stated in his explanation of this Ayah [5/330] that in this ayah there is a clear indication that it is prohibited to sit with all types of people of falsehood amongst the innovators and the sinners, whilst they are engage in their falsehood. [End]

And the statement of Allaah:

وَقَدْ نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الْكِتَابِ أَنْ إِذَا سَمِعْتُمْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ يُكْفَرُ بِهَا وَيُسْتَهْزَأُ بِهَا فَلَا تَقْعُدُوا مَعَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ ۚ إِنَّكُمْ إِذًا مِّثْلُهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ جَامِعُ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَالْكَافِرِينَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ جَمِيعًا

And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur’an) that when you hear the Verses of Allah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allah will collect the hypocrites and disbelievers all together in Hell. [Nisaa 140]

Al-Allaamah al-Qurtubi (rahimahullaah) stated in [Al-Jaami Li-Ahkaam Al-Qur’aan 5/418] that when it is established that the people of sins are to be kept away from- as it has been made clear- then there is a greater reason to keep away from Ahlul Bidah Wal Ahwaa (the people of bidah and desires). [End]

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا

And obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our Remembrance, one who follows his own lusts and whose affair (deeds) has been lost. [18:28]

Al-Allaamah Al-Ameen Ash-Shanqeeti (rahimahullaah) stated in Adwaa Wal-Bayaan 4/98-99] that in this noble ayah, Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) forbade His Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) from obeying the one whose heart Allaah has made heedless of Allaah’s Remembrance, one who follows his own lusts and whose affair has been lost. And indeed Allaah established in the Qur’aan that He forbade His Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) from obeying the likes of this heedless one, who is heedless of Allaah’s Remembrance and a follower of his desires. And the meaning of ‘follower of his desires’ is that he inclines to his evil soul and its desire for evil, such as disbelief and disobedience. [End]

Imaam Al-Bukhaari reported that Aa’isha (radiyallaahu-anhaa) said: The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) recited this Ayah:

هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُّحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ ۖ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ ۗ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ۗ وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا ۗ وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

It is He Who has sent down to you (Muhammad) the Book (this Qur’an). In it are Verses that are (entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book [and those are the Verses of Al-Ahkam (commandments, etc.), Al-Fara’id (obligatory duties) and Al-Hudud (legal laws for the punishment of thieves, adulterers, etc.)]; and others are Mutashaabihaat (i.e. not entirely clear in what they indicate, so they are to be referred back to the Muhkamaat to be explained]. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials, etc.), and seeking for its hidden meanings, but none knows its hidden meanings save Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: “We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord.” And none receive admonition except men of understanding. (Tafsir At-Tabari).

She said: Then Messenger of Allaah (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: If you see those who follow thereof that is not entirely clear, then they are those whom Allah has named [as having deviation (from the truth)] so beware of them. [Bukhaari Number 4547 with Fat-hul Baari 209; Saheeh Muslim with Sharh of Nawawi 17/ page 216]

The angle from which evidence is derived regarding this affair is what has been stated by Al-Haafidh An-Nawawi in his explanation of Saheeh Muslim [17/218] that this hadeeth is a warning against mixing with the people of deviation, the people of bidah and those who seek after dubious affairs in order to cause trials. [End]

Imaam Abu Daawud stated in Kitaab Al-Adab (i.e. in Sunan abu Daawud 5/213-216): Chapter: The one who boycotts his Muslim brother’; then he narrated some ahaadeeth to show that it is prohibited to boycott (a Muslim) for more than three days. Then he said: The Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) boycotted some of his wives for forty days, Ibn Umar boycotted a son of his until he died and Umar Bin Abdul Azeez turned his face away from a man. [End]

Imaam Al-Baghawi stated in Sharhus Sunnah regarding the hadeeth (i.e. the hadeeth about the Prophet boycotting some of his wives for forty days): The prohibition of boycotting between two men for more than three days is (related to what takes place between them concerning) one’s falling short in fulfilling the rights of companionship and friendship (i.e. personal disputes); but not what is related to affairs of the religion, for indeed boycotting Ahlul Ahwaa Wal-Bidah (The People of Desires and Bidah) is permanent until they repent.   [Sharhus Sunnah 1/224]

Then Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari quoted a statement of Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah who stated that the Legislated Islamic Boycotting is from the deeds (or acts of worship) commanded by Allaah and His Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam). It has to be carried out sincerely for the sake of Allaah and in accordance with His command. It has to be Khaalisan (done purely for the sake of Allaah) and Sawaaban (in accordance with the Sunnah of Messenger); so whoever boycotts for the sake of his soul’s desire or boycotts (based on) other than what is commanded, he has exited from this (i.e. his act and goal behind boycotting is devoid of sincerity and adherence to the path of the Messenger), and many people do what their souls desire, whilst thinking that it is done in obedience to Allaah. So it is obligatory to differentiate between boycotting for the sake of fulfilling a right of Allaah and for the sake of one’s self because the first one is something commanded and the second one is forbidden. [Majmoo Al-Fataawaa28/206-207] [B]

[Ref A: Dr Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari pointed out in his Radd that Dr Ibraaheem gave a picture (i.e. the impression) that Boycotting is legislated to achieve three Maqaasid (goals or aims) only and that these three Maqaasid have been confirmed by the A’immah al-Muhaqqiqoon (i.e. those Imaams of the religion who are well known for their abilities in carrying out research in the issues of the religion with precision, assertiveness, thorough examination etc.).  The use of the phrase A’immah Al-Muhaqqiqoon indicates to a group of people, whom Dr Ibraaheem claims have confirmed his view that boycotting is legislated to achieve three goals or aims only; yet Dr Ibraaheem only quoted Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. There is no doubt that Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah is one of the Imaams of Ahlus Sunnah, but is it befitting that we only quote Shaikhul Islaam and then say that this statement have been confirmed (or affirmed) by the Imaams of Ahlus Sunnah! It obligatory from the angle of fulfilling trusts in affairs of knowledge that Dr Ibraaheem presents at least a small number of people (i.e. Imaams) to back up his own claims or a small number of Imaams to back up the three goals or aims which he claims are the only reasons for boycotting. So take note of this O reader! In Dr Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari’s Radd, as you can see in this first section, he quoted a number of Imaams [Imaam At-Tabari, Imaam Al-Qurtubi, Imaam Ash-Shanqeeti, Imaam Abu Daawud, Imaam Al-Baghawi and Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah] to show that one of the first great aims, goals or intent behind boycotting is to actualise servitude to Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic). Therefore, not only is Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari going to invalidate Dr Ibraaheem’s claim that boycotting is limited to three goals (or aims), rather he is also going to quote the Imaams of the Sunnah to back up his statements. Some of those other goals and aims behind boycotting that will be mentioned by Shaikh Abdullaah al-Bukhaari include: [Actualisation of Walaa Wal-Baraa (Loyalty and Disassociation for the sake of Allaah); Actualisation of the command to enjoin good and forbid evil; actualisation of giving sincere advice to the Ummah about the danger of an innovator]. It should also be noted that this criticism written by Shaikh Dr Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari was read by a number of scholars including Shaikh Zayd Bin Haadi (rahimahullaah), Shaikh Rabee, Shaikh  Ubaid, Shaikh Ali Naasir, Shaikh Muhammad Bin Haadi and Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool. All of them agreed with the correctness of Dr Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari’s observations on Dr Ibraaheem’s unsubstantiated claims, deficient and defective statements on this subject matter.  Once again we refer you to the following links, whilst we –by the Tawfeeq of Allaah- prepare the next post.  




[B] [Source: At-Ta’aqqubaat As-Sareehah Alaa Risaalah An-Naseehati Lid-Duktoor Ibraaheem Bin Aamir Ar-Ruhayli’ pages 58-61.Abridged and paraphrased

To be continued….In-Shaa-Allaah

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf