Shaytaan Approaches the Son of Adam from Every Direction – Ibn Al Qayyim
قَالَ فَبِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُم مِّن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ وَعَن شَمَائِلِهِمْ ۖ وَلَا تَجِدُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ شَاكِرِينَ
(Iblis) said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).” [7:16-17]
[ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُم مِّن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ – Then I will come to them from before them and behind them]; Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) said this means, ‘’I (Iblees) will bring doubts to them about the Hereafter.’’
[وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ – and behind them]; Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) said that this means, ‘’I (Iblees) will make them covetous for the worldly things.’’
[وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ – and from their left]; Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) said this means, ‘’I (Iblees) will make their religion obscure (in the sense that they will hold onto doubtful matters which they would consider to be the truth).
[وَعَن شَمَائِلِهِمْ – and from their left]; Al-Hasan (rahimahullaah) said this means, ‘’I (Iblees) will command them to commit evil deeds, urge them toward it and beautify it in their eyes (i.e. make it fair seeming to them).’’
It has also been reported from Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) who said that Iblees did not say ‘’And from above them’’ because he knows that Allaah is above them. Qataadah (rahimahullaah) said, ‘’O son of Adam! Shaytaan comes to you from every direction but not from above because he is not able to come between you and the Mercy of Allaah.
[Source: Badaai at-Tafseer al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim’ Vol pages 377-379]