An Advice to Those Mu’adh’dhins Who Say That They Take a Precaution During Ramadhaan By Calling The Adhaan 5 or 4 mins Before Fajr- By Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)
The Shaikh (rahimahullaah) said: This precaution is not a legislated precaution and indeed the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) has stated: “The over-stringent ones are destroyed”. [Ref 1; see further benefits on this hadeeth at the end of this article]
It (i.e. this type of precaution) is incorrect because if they (i.e. the people) take this precaution in relation to the fasting, they will commit (something wrong or a misdeed) in relation to the prayer, for many people stand up and (start) praying Fajr when they hear the Mu’addhin. Therefore, the one who heard the A’dhaan of the Mu’addhin before Fajr and stands up (and starts praying), he might have prayed the prayer before its (right) time, and prayer before its (right) time is incorrect. So in this regard, a wrong has been committed against the Musalloon [performers of the prayer].
Likewise, the Saa’imoon [i.e. in this case those intending to fast that day] are wronged because he (Mu’addhin) prevents the one who wants to fast from eating and drinking despite the fact that it is permissible [i.e. eating and drinking until the correct time of Fajr].
So he (the Mu’addhin) commits an offence against the Saa’imoon as he prevents them from that which Allaah has made permissible for them, and against the performers of the prayer when they pray before the entry of Fajr and that is a nullifier of the prayer. Therefore, it is obligated on the Mu’addhin to fear Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) and that he follows- whilst aspiring to establish what is correct- that which the Book and Sunnah directs to (or guides to). [Source: An Excerpt from ‘Majmoo Fataawaa’ of the Shaikh (rahimahullaah) 19/295]
Ref 1: The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: ‘’The over-stringent ones are destroyed’’.
Imaam Nawawi (rahimahullaah) said: ”The over-stringent ones are those who look too deeply (into affairs) and are excessive- those who exceed the Hudood (prescribed legislated sharia boundaries) in their statements and actions.” [Source: Saheeh Muslim Hadeeth Number 2670 & Saheeh Muslim Bi-Sharh An-Nawawi Vol 16, Page 180 & page 220. Publisher Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyyah 1st ed 1421AH (Year 200)]]