The Blessing of Night and Day – An Affair That Lead Some Hearts to Gratitude and Others to Ingratitude
Allaah (The Most High) said:
قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِن جَعَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمُ اللَّيْلَ سَرْمَدًا إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَنْ إِلَٰهٌ غَيْرُ اللَّهِ يَأْتِيكُم بِضِيَاءٍ ۖ أَفَلَا تَسْمَعُونَ
Say (O Muhammad): “Tell me! If Allah made night continuous for you till the Day of Resurrection, who is an ilah (a god) besides Allah who could bring you light? Then will you not then hear?” [28:71]
قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِن جَعَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمُ النَّهَارَ سَرْمَدًا إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَنْ إِلَٰهٌ غَيْرُ اللَّهِ يَأْتِيكُم بِلَيْلٍ تَسْكُنُونَ فِيهِ ۖ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ
Say (O Muhammad): “Tell me! If Allah made day continuous for you till the Day of Resurrection, who is an ilah (a god) besides Allah who could bring you night wherein you rest? Then will you not then see?” [28:72]
وَمِن رَّحْمَتِهِ جَعَلَ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ لِتَسْكُنُوا فِيهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِن فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
It is out of His Mercy that He has put for you night and day, that you may rest therein (i.e. during the night) and that you may seek of His Bounty (i.e. during the day), and in order that you may be grateful. [28:73]
Summarised, Abridged and Slightly Paraphrased Benefits from Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)
This (i.e. night and day) is a bestowal from Allaah to His servants and should urge them to thank Allaah, establish servitude to Him and fulfil His Rights (i.e. worship Him alone, obey His commands and keep away from what He has forbidden). Allaah- out of His Mercy- created the day for them in order that they may seek after the bounties of Allaah – seeking after their provisions and livelihoods during daylight. Allaah created the night for them (to utilise as a source) of rest and repose – to (give) their bodies and souls a rest due to tiredness from work during the day. This is a bounty of Allaah (bestowed) on His servants and Mercy (from Him). So is there anyone who is able to do this?
And regarding the night (i.e. after Allaah made it known that He was the one who appointed the night for them), He said: [أَفَلَا تَسْمَعُونَ -Then will you not then hear]; and regarding the day (i.e. after Allaah made it known that He was the one who appointed the day for them), He said: [أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ – Then will you not then see?]; this is because the (faculty) of hearing is sharper at the night than the (faculty) of sight, and the (faculty) of sight is sharper during the day than the (faculty) of hearing.
In these Aayaat (i.e. Al-Qasas 71, 72 & 73) there is an exhortation (to a servant of) Allaah to ponder upon the blessings Allaah has bestowed on him (or her). He (or she) should contemplate (upon what the state of affairs would have been) if such blessings were absent, for if a servant were to contemplate (upon the state of affairs due to the) the presence (of such blessings) compared (to what the state of affairs would have been due its) absence, he (or her) will be notified of the (great) position of this favour; as opposed to the one who merely goes along with the normal state of affairs and considers (this favour) as an affair that will neither cease to carry on nor come to an end. So his (or her) heart is hindered from praising Allaah for His blessings and from realising that he (or she) is in need of Allaah every time. This (state of affairs) neither prompts his (or her) thoughts towards thanksgiving nor remembrance.
[Source: Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’. Publisher: Daar Ibn Hazm 1st Ed. 1424AH (Year 2003)]