Intelligence, Eloquence, Good Advice and Good Manners- [Short Faa’idah From The Ayah Regarding The Encounter Between Prophet Sulaymaan and The Ants]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَحُشِرَ لِسُلَيْمَانَ جُنُودُهُ مِنَ الْجِنِّ

وَالْإِنْسِ وَالطَّيْرِ فَهُمْ يُوزَعُونَ

حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَتَوْا عَلَىٰ وَادِ النَّمْلِ قَالَتْ

نَمْلَةٌ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّمْلُ ادْخُلُوا

مَسَاكِنَكُمْ لَا يَحْطِمَنَّكُمْ

سُلَيْمَانُ وَجُنُودُهُ وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ

فَتَبَسَّمَ ضَاحِكًا مِنْ قَوْلِهَا وَقَالَ رَبِّ

أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي

أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ

صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَدْخِلْنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ فِي

عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ

”And there were gathered before Sulaiman (Solomon) his hosts of jinns and men, and birds, and they all were set in battle order (marching forwards). Till, when they came to the valley of the ants, one of the ants said: “O ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulaiman (Solomon) and his hosts crush you, while they perceive not.” So he [Sulaiman (Solomon)] smiled, amused at her speech and said: “My Lord! Inspire and bestow upon me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favours which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds that will please You, and admit me by Your Mercy among Your righteous slaves.” [27: 17-19]

Faa’idah from Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah):


It is as if the ant excused the army for the harm they would have afflicted on its colony due to being unaware of their presence, and blamed its colony for not taking the precaution to enter their dwelling place. And due to this Sulaymaan smiled, for indeed it is something that should bring about amazement and make someone smile. [Ref 1]


Faa’idah from Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah):


The ant knew Sulaymaan’s affair and that of his army. It exalted Sulaymaan’s authority and excused them if they were to crush its colony because that would not have happened intentionally, nor out of awareness. Sulaymaan (alayhis-salaam) heard the ant’s speech and understood it, so he smiled due to being amazed with the ant’s eloquence, (good) advice and fine expression.

This is the affair of the Prophets (alayhis-salaatu was-salaam) – perfect manners (or etiquettes) and being amazed in its rightful place. They do not laugh, rather they smile just as Messenger  (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) mostly used to smile; for indeed a loud burst of laughter is an indication of feeble mindedness and bad manners. On the other hand, the one who does not get amazed by what should amaze a person, then this is an indication of an ill-temper and haughtiness, and the Messengers of Allaah are free from that. [Ref 2]

[Ref 1: Paraphrased excerpt. (Source: Badaa’i At-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah’ Vol 2′ pages 279-282)]

[Ref 2: Paraphrased. (Source: Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam al-Mannaan]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf