Speech Regarding People Must Be With Knowledge and Justice, and Not With Ignorance and Oppression! [A True Statement; But Not a Defence for One Who Was Reprimanded Because He Plotted and Associated With Those Who Slandered In Public]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
What is knowledge and what is Ignorance?
In the above Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (may Allaah preserve him) stated that knowledge is to comprehend something based on what it is in reality, or to conceive something in accordance with the true state of affairs. And to comprehend something based on other than what it is in reality, or conceive something in opposition to the true state of affairs, then this is ignorance and it is the opposite of knowledge. [Paraphrased. Source: Sharh Al-Usool Ath-Thalaatha ‘page 11 by Shaykh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (may Allaah preserve him)]
NB: In the reprimand against the one who plotted and associated with those who falsely accused others, the reality of what he did -in private and public – was clearly explained based on unambiguous proof of what the reality of the situation was. There is no justification to insinuate that they were reprimanded based on ignorance because what they did was clearly stated.
What is Dhulm (injustice or oppression?)
In the above Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (may Allaah preserve him) stated that Dzulm [injustice (or oppression)] is of three types according to the people of knowledge (i.e. the scholars):
Firstly: The greatest of them is shirk and why is shirk referred as Dzulm [injustice]? That is because the basis of injustice is to place something in other than its rightful place. And the meaning of shirk is to direct acts of worship to other than its rightful place and this is the greatest injustice – because when they (i.e. the people of shirk) directed acts of worship to other than its rightful place and to those who are not deserving of it, they equated the created (beings) to the Creator and a weak one (i.e. a created being) to Al-Qawiy [The One Perfect in Strength (i.e. Allaah)], who is not unable to do anything. Therefore, is there any greater injustice after this?
The second type of Dzulm [injustice] is committed when a person oppresses himself by committing sins. A sinner oppresses himself because he exposes himself to punishment, even though it is obligated on his to save himself and place himself in an appropriate situation and that is to obey Allaah etc
The third type of Dzulm [injustice] is committed when a person oppresses others (or commits injustice against them) by taking their wealth (unlawfully), or backbiting them, or spreading tales about them, or stealing their wealth, or violating their honour through backbiting, tale carrying, slander, or shedding their blood by way of unlawful murder, or beating them, inflicting injuries, degrading them without right etc [Paraphrased. Source: I’aanah Al-Mustafeed Bi-Sharhi Kitaab At-Tawheed’ page 55-56 by Shaykh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (may Allaah preserve him)]
So in brief we say: Our discussion is not about the first type of injustice, rather our discussion enters into the second and third types of injustice. Indeed, no injustice was committed against the reprimanded one, rather, in reality, it was clearly demonstrated that he plotted and associated with those who falsely accused others of promoting disunity, division and monopoly. Is this not not oppression?! Therefore, it is absolutely absurd to claim that the reprimanded one- the one who wilfully associated with these people – was oppressed and reprimanded based on ignorance. Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said: ‘’The sensible person does not (merely) look at what is apparent, but he looks at the reality.” [Source: Al-Uboodiyyah: page:112]