[28 A] Back To Basics- [The Statement of Pure Islamic Monotheism- Laa Ilaaha Ilal laah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy


شَهِدَ ٱللَّهُ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَأُوْلُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ قَآٮِٕمَۢا بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ‌ۚ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَڪِيمُ


Allaah [The Most High] said in Surah Aal Imraan Aayaat 18-20:

شَهِدَ ٱللَّهُ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَأُوْلُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ قَآٮِٕمَۢا بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ‌ۚ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَڪِيمُ

إِنَّ ٱلدِّينَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمُ‌ۗ وَمَا ٱخۡتَلَفَ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ إِلَّا مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جَآءَهُمُ ٱلۡعِلۡمُ بَغۡيَۢا بَيۡنَهُمۡ‌ۗ وَمَن يَكۡفُرۡ بِـَٔايَـٰتِ ٱللَّهِ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ سَرِيعُ ٱلۡحِسَابِ

فَإِنۡ حَآجُّوكَ فَقُلۡ أَسۡلَمۡتُ وَجۡهِىَ لِلَّهِ وَمَنِ ٱتَّبَعَنِ‌ۗ وَقُل لِّلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡأُمِّيِّـۧنَ ءَأَسۡلَمۡتُمۡ‌ۚ فَإِنۡ أَسۡلَمُواْ فَقَدِ ٱهۡتَدَواْ‌ۖ وَّإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيۡكَ ٱلۡبَلَـٰغُ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بَصِيرُۢ بِٱلۡعِبَادِ

Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice. La ilah illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.

Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) did not differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them. And whoever disbelieves in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, then surely, Allah is Swift in calling to account.

So if they dispute with you (Muhammad) say: “I have submitted myself to Allah (in Islam), and (so have) those who follow me.” And say to those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and to those who are illiterates (Arab pagans): “Do you (also) submit yourselves (to Allah in Islam)?” If they do, they are rightly guided; but if they turn away, your duty is only to convey the Message; and Allah is All-Seer of (His ) slaves.

Few Reminders From Ayah 18:

[شَهِدَ ٱللَّهُ – Allah bears witness]; meaning: Allaah [The Most High] bears witness -and He is sufficient as a Witness. He is the Most Truthful and Just Witness, and His speech is absolute truth; [أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ- that None has the right to be worshipped but He]; meaning: He Alone is the true God of all the creation. Everyone and everything are His slaves and creation, and they are completely in need of Him; but He is The Independent One Who is Free of All Needs.

Then Allaah [The Most High] mentioned His testimony alongside the testimony of the Angels and that of those endowed with knowledge [amongst the creation]; He [The Most High] said:

[شَهِدَ ٱللَّهُ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَأُوْلُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ  – Allah bears witness that none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness)]; this is a great virtue of the scholars.

Then Allaah [The Most High] said: [قَآٮِٕمَۢا بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ‌ۚ – He (Allaah) is always maintaining His creation in Justice]; meaning: Allaah [The Most High] maintains justice in all affairs.

Then Allaah [The Most High] emphasised His previous statement, saying: [  لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ – None has the right to be worshipped but He].

[ٱلۡعَزِيزُ – The All-Mighty]; [ٱلۡحَڪِيمُ – The All-Wise]; meaning: He is The All-Wise in all His statements, actions, divine legislation and decrees.

To be continued InShaaAllaah


[Source: Al-Misbaah Al-Muneer Fee Tahdheeb Tafseer Ibn Katheer). Abridged & slightly paraphrased]

 

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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