Contemplation On The Beneficial Contemporary Sciences –[Sharing Fawaa’id- With Fellow Muslim Educators- From Imaam Sadi]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Imaam Sadi [rahmahullaah] said:
Indeed, it is impossible to rectify the souls and acquire virtue solely through the worldly sciences. Experience and clearly witnessed circumstances are the greatest proofs regarding this affair, because despite its advancement and vastness, it has been unable to nurture and rectify the souls [i.e. upon excellent traits, manners, dealings, characteristics, sound creed etc] by way of which the rectification and success of mankind is dependent.
What the Religion of Islaam came with is that which is entrusted with this rectification. It is what will guide the thoughts towards the truthful and authentic sources of knowledge, guide the actions of the people towards good and prevent them from evil. Islam is The Rectifier of the creeds and manners. It is the thing that cultivates the thoughts [upon righteousness], urges towards virtuousness and prevents from depravity.
The essence of that which the religion calls to- regarding belief in the Unseen, which includes belief in Allaah and that which He possesses of Names, Attributes and Actions of perfection; belief in Angels, belief in recompense for one’s good and bad deeds in this life and the next, which cannot be known except through the Messengers- is what acquaints a person with the fact that real rectification is not possible through other than sound belief and the religion of Islaam.
Therefore, even if the worldly sciences mend [some] affairs based upon that which the people know in detail, it will still not be equal to the sources of knowledge of the Messengers [in the least]. It will neither reach that which is reached through the sources of knowledge of the Messengers nor can it affect the souls in the way the sources of knowledge of the Messengers has done; for indeed the souls do not voluntarily submit except through belief in Allaah, belief in His Angels, belief in His Books, belief in His Messengers and belief in the hereafter. And without this, voluntary submission is impossible, as is well known of human nature.