“Nay! Man will be a witness against himself; though he may put forth his excuses..”

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah (The Most High) said:

بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٌ۬  وَلَوۡ أَلۡقَىٰ مَعَاذِيرَهُ

“Nay! Man will be a witness against himself; though he may put forth his excuses.’’

[Soorah Al-Qiyaamah Aayaat 14-15]

[بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٌ۬ ] ”Nay! Man will be a witness against himself;” That is: A witness and a reckoner of himself;” [وَلَوۡ أَلۡقَىٰ مَعَاذِيرَهُ ] ”Though he may put forth his excuses;” for indeed they will be unaccepted excuses and will not match what the slave seeks to determine, but it will confirm (what he did), just as Allah stated: ” [اقْرَأْ كِتَابَكَ كَفَىٰ بِنَفْسِكَ الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكَ حَسِيبًا] ” “Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day.” [Soorah Al-Israa: Ayah 14]

So, even if the slave denies or seeks for excuses concerning what he did, his denial and excuse will not benefit him in anything; for indeed his hearing and sight, and all his limbs will witness against him concerning what he used to do; and that is because his time for a return to seeking Allaah’s Pleasure had expired and its benefit has ceased, [as Allaah (The Most High)] said:   [فَيَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ لَّا يَنفَعُ ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مَعۡذِرَتُهُمۡ وَلَا هُمۡ يُسۡتَعۡتَبُونَ]  ”So on that Day no excuse of theirs will avail those who did wrong, nor will they be allowed (then) to return to seek Allah’s Pleasure.” [Soorah Rum: Ayah 57] [1]
Imaam Ibn kathir (rahimahullaah) mentioned in his Tafsir: [بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٌ۬ ] ‘’ Nay! Man will be a witness against himself;’’ That is: He is a witness against himself and he knows what he did, even if he seeks an excuse and denies (responsibility), as Allaah (The Most High) said: [اقْرَأْ كِتَابَكَ كَفَىٰ بِنَفْسِكَ الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكَ حَسِيبًا] ”Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day.” [Soorah Al-Israa: Ayah 14]

Ali Ibn Abee Talhah (rahimahullaah) reports from Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhu) regarding the meaning of the Ayah: [بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٌ۬ ] ‘’Nay! Man will be a witness against himself;’’ (through) his hearing, sight, two hands, two legs and his limbs.  Qatadah said: “He is a witness against himself.” In another narration from Qatadah, he said: “By Allah! If you wish to see him, you would see him looking at the faults and sins of the people, whilst being heedless of his own sins.’’ [2]


We ask Allaah to grant our brother Abu Zakariyyah (Abdul Maalik Al-Congoli) firmness and guidance, for he was the one who sent us this Aayah as a reminder, so we decided to edit his original post and share some of the benefits in this ayah. We ask Allaah to include all of us amongst those who enjoin good and forbid evil, whilst critically judging ourselves and taking steps to rectify out shortcomings before we are judged on the Day of Judgement….Aameen.


 

References:

[1]Abridged and partly paraphrased: see Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan of Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)

[2] Abridged: see Al-Misbaah Al-Muneer Fee Tahdheeb Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf