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The Unlettered Prophet, Sent to The Unlettered Nation – Ibn Rajab

Two Derived Benefits’ by Imaam Ibn Rajab

Allaah (The Most High) said:

هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ

He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves. [62:2]

The fact that he is from them carries two beneficial (reminders): Firstly, indeed this Messenger was also unlettered just like the unlettered ones he was sent to. He never read a book nor wrote with his hand, as Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَمَا كُنتَ تَتْلُو مِن قَبْلِهِ مِن كِتَابٍ وَلَا تَخُطُّهُ بِيَمِينِكَ

Neither did you (O Muhammad) read any book before it (this Qur’an), nor did you write any book (whatsoever) with your right hand. [29:48]

He never left the land of his people (to reside elsewhere) in order to learn anything from them; rather he did not cease being unlettered among the unlettered nation. He neither wrote nor read until he reached the age of forty, then he was given this manifest Book (this Qur’an) that makes things clear.

Secondly: A notification that the one sent among them, the unlettered ones of Makkah in particular, knew his lineage, nobility, truthfulness, trustworthiness and chastity. He grew up among them whilst being well known for (these traits) and that he has never lied. Therefore, when it is the fact that he refrained from lying about the people, then how can he fabricate lies about Allaah. This (claim of the deniers) is (sheer) falsehood.

[Source: Lataa’if Al-Ma’aarif ‘ page 166-167…slightly paraphrased]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf