The Aim and Goal behind Aiding, Accompanying and Promoting One Another
Allaah (The Most High) said:
وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ
Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. [5:2]
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) has a beautiful statement regarding this affair, so here we paraphrase some of those benefits as follows:
*This Ayah comprises of all the Masaalih [Well-being and beneficial affairs] for the slaves in relation to their worldly life and afterlife – be it to do with between themselves or between themselves and their Lord; for indeed every servant (of Allaah) is not isolated from these two circumstances and obligations – he either has to fulfil the obligations he owes his Lord or the obligations he owes Allaah’s creation. As for the obligations he owes the creation, they include (righteous) association, companionship, aiding one another upon what Allaah loves and obedience to Allaah, which is the goal behind his search for happiness and success in the afterlife. There can be no happiness in the afterlife except through righteousness and piety, for it is basis of all affairs of the religion.
*As for Taqwa, its reality is to act in obedience to Allaah out of Eemaan in Allaah and hoping for His Reward – to fulfil what Allaah has commanded out of having Eemaan in that which Alllaah commanded and affirming the reward He has promised; abandoning what He has forbidden – out of belief that what He has forbidden is forbidden and fearing His punishment, just as Talq Bin Habeeb (rahimahullaah) stated: ”When Fitna occurs, extinguish it with Taqwa”. So the people said: ”What is Taqwa?” He said: You act in obedience to Allaah upon a light from Allaah (i.e. Eemaan and sincerity) and hoping for reward from Allah. And you abandon disobedience to Allaah upon a light from Allah and fearing the punishment of Allah.”
This is the best of that which has been stated as Taqwa, for indeed there has to be an aim and a goal behind every deed. A deed cannot be considered an act of obedience to Allaah and an act that gets one close to Allaah until it is based on Eemaan, so that which leads to the performance of that deed is solely due to Eemaan – neither customs nor desires, neither seeking praise nor status and other than it; rather it should be solely based on Eemaan and the aim behind it should be to attain Allaah’s reward and seeking after His Pleasure.
[Abridged and Paraphrased. See Badaa’i At-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah’ Vol 1 pages 307-311. Publisher: Daar Ibn Al-Jawziyyah 2nd Ed, 1431AH] [Also see Risaalah At-Tabookiyyah’ pages 12-23]