Ayah Number 5 -Surah Al-Faatihah- Negates Shirk, Riyaa, Self-Amazement and Pride!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

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إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

[إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ  – You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)]: This statement about sincerity in worship and seeking aid and assistance (from Allaah).

[إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ   – You (Alone) we worship] means ‘I sincerely direct my worship to You (O Allaah) and I do not worship other than You.’

[وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ – and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)] means ‘I sincerely (single You out) in seeking aid and assistance, and I do not seek aid and assistance from anyone other than You (O Allaah).’ [Ref 1]

Also the statement [إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ   – You (Alone) we worship] is a disavowal of Shirk, and the statement [وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ – and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything] is a declaration that there is no power nor might except with Allah.

Also the statement [إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ – You (Alone) we worship] is an actualisation (or establishment) of the statement ‘There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah’, and the statement [وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ – and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything] is an actualisation (or establishment) of the statement ‘There is no power nor might except with Allah’.

Also the statement [إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ   – You (Alone) we worship] embodies freedom from Shirk and Riyaa, and the statement [وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ – and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything] embodies freedom from Self-amazement and pride. [Ref 2]

[Abridged & slightly paraphrased. Source: Sharh Ad-Duroos Al-Muhimmah Li-Aammatil Ummah’ page15 by Sh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr (may Allaah preserve him)]


Ref 1: When is seeking aid and assistance from the people permissible? [See Usool Thalaatha- translation by Abu Talhah Dawud Burbank (rahimahullaah)]:

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Ref 2: Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said, ‘’I used to hear Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) saying many times that the statement ‘You alone we worship (O Allaah)’  repels Riyaa and the statement ‘And You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)’ repels pride’’. [Source: Badaa’i At-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah’ Vol 1. Page 41]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf