It Is Obligatory To Be Acquainted With The Path of The Believers In Detail and That of The Criminals In Detail- By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: Allaah [The Most High] said:
[وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الْآيَاتِ وَلِتَسْتَبِينَ سَبِيلُ الْمُجْرِمِينَ – ‘And thus do We explain the Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that the way of the Mujrimoon (criminals, polytheists, sinners), may become manifest.’ 6:55]
And Allaah [Glorified be He] said:
وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا
And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen’ [4:115]
Indeed Allaah [Glorified be He]- in His Book- has clarified the path of the believers in detail and that of the criminals in detail. He has (clarified) the abode of the (believers) in detail and that of the (criminals) in detail. He has (clarified) the deeds of the believers in detail and that of the (criminals) in detail. He has made known the allies of the (believers) in detail and that of the (criminals) in detail. He has (clarified in detail how He) has forsaken the (criminals) and His bestowal of success upon the (believers) in detail. He has (clarified) the reasons behind the success of the (believers) in detail and the reasons behind the failure of the (criminals) in detail. He [Glorified be He] has placed great importance on these two affairs in His Book, and has manifested, illustrated and clarified both of them with an utmost clarification- to the extent that both (affairs) become clearly visible in the same way as light and darkness are visible to the eyesight.
Those who know Allaah, His Book and His Religion are acquainted with the path of the believers and that of the criminals in detail. The two paths are clearly visible to them, just as a path leading to its destination and the path leading to destruction are made clearly visible. They are the most knowledgeable amongst the creation; the ones who benefit (the people) the most, the ones with the most useful advice for (the people) and they are an evidence of right guidance.
That is why the Sahaabah excel all those to come after them until the Day of Judgment; for they were brought up upon the path of misguidance, shirk and paths leading to destruction, and they knew those paths in detail. Then the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] came to them and took them away from darkness and entered them into complete light; took them away from shirk and entered them into Tawheed; took them away from ignorance and entered them into knowledge; took them away from misguidance and entered them into guidance; took them away from oppression and entered them into justice; and took them away from confusion and blindness and entered them into guidance and clear sightedness.
They (Sahaabah) knew the worth of that which they received and became victorious by way of it. They knew the worth of that which was contained in what they (received), since what is in opposition to the [truth and right guidance] reveals the goodness of what it opposes. So they (Sahaabah) increased in their desire and love of that which they embraced, and they disliked and hated that which they had turned away from (i.e. misguidance). And of all the people, they had the most love for Tawheed, Imaan and Islaam, and the most hatred for that which was in opposition to it. They were the most knowledgeable of the path (of guidance) in detail.
To be continued…InShaaAllaah
[Source: Al-Fawaa’d pages 167-180…abridged and slightly paraphrased]